What are the different types of theatres?

Discover the main types of theatre staging that’s used in West End productions.

Sophie Thomas
Sophie Thomas

Choosing how to stage a West End production can be crucial for how a story is conveyed to the audience. Should audience members be immersed or remain distant? Can patrons interact with the cast?

What are the different types of theatre staging?

Whether productions are staged to two audience members or 2,000, staging decisions are consciously made to compliment every aspect of a show. If you’re confused with your proscenium arches or the difference between a thrust stage and an in the round show, we have put together a guide with the most common types of theatre and stagings.

What is a Proscenium Arch?

The majority of West End auditoriums include a proscenium arch stage. In this type of auditorium, the arch serves as a frame for the audience to see into, with three walls of staging considered to make sure that nothing blocks the audience view. The “fourth wall” is occupied by the audience, who will sit and face the action straight on.

Proscenium arch staging allows everyone to see the show from one direction rather than multiple angles which may mean you have to move.

What is an End Stage?

End stage theatres are theatres where the audience only sit on one side of the stage. These can be proscenium arch theatres, which are typically rectangular. However, an end-stage theatre can take any shape, size or form, as long as the audience remain seated in one group on one side of the stage.

What is a theatre In the Round?

Shows performed “in the round” are performed with the audience surrounding all sides of the stage, allowing for an intimate performance where each angle and sight line has to be considered by the directors and actors. Staging theatre in the round is typically adopted by a creative team in order for the audience to get close to the action.

With the acting area fenced by audience members, performers have to play to everyone and make sure that each patron gets an equal view of the show without being blocked.

What is a Thrust stage?

Rather than be surrounded by audience members on four sides, a thrust theatre will have audiences sitting on three sides, with the fourth wall serving as a backdrop. Typically extending into the auditorium, performers have the opportunity to play in the middle of the crowd, as well as stand in the background to give a character depth.

Typically, thrust stages are either square or rectangular, so that actors can perform to multiple sides. A London thrust theatre is the Globe Theatre, with standing patrons able to see a production from multiple sides in the summer.

What is a Traverse theatre?

A traverse theatre staging has the audience sitting on two sides, similar to a catwalk setup. Traverse theatres are beneficial for creating tension within an audience, especially if a show tells a rivalry story between two parties. In this setup, actors have to make sure both sides can see them equally and play to each corner without prioritising one side over the other.

What is Immersive theatre?

In an immersive production, the actors and audiences share the same space. Breaking the fourth wall, the performance will take place next to audience members and may even allow those watching to get involved with the show. Discover all the immersive theatre in London here.

What is a Black Box theatre?

In these types of theatres, the stage and seating are not fixed, leaving the creative team to mould the setup of a theatre to whatever they wish. Similar to an immersive theatre, the audience can sit close to the action. However, black box theatre may not look for the audience to be involved.

What is an Open Air theatre?

Also known as amphitheatres, open-air venues can be staged as a traverse, thrust, in the round or in a proscenium arch style, but they take place outside. The biggest open-air venue in London is Regent’s Park Open Air Theatre. Drawing in large audiences as theatregoers look to see a show when the sun sets, heading to an open-air theatre creates a unique dramatic experience where the sky really is the limit!

Originally published on

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